Catálogo de líquenes (y algunos hongos relacionados) de la isla Navarino, Reserva de la Biosfera Cabo de Hornos, Chile

Contenido principal del artículo

Javier Etayo
Leopoldo G. Sancho
Antonio Gómez-Bolea
Ulrik Sochting
Francisco Aguirre
Ricardo Rozzi

Resumen

La Reserva de la Biosfera Cabo de Hornos, Chile, ha sido identificada como un área de alta diversidad de briófitas y se ha sugerido que también lo sea para los líquenes. Sin embargo, en contraste con los extensos estudios de briófitas, sólo se habían realizado inventarios preliminares de líquenes en esta reserva. Realizamos el primer estudio florístico intensivo sobre la diversidad de líquenes en la isla Navarino durante los veranos australes de 2005 y 2008. Exploramos los principales tipos de hábitat de la isla, incluyendo áreas costeras, bosques siempreverdes y caducifolios, complejo de tundra de Magallanes y hábitats altoandinos (“alpinos”) en las cumbres de las montañas. Se consideraron los diferentes sustratos sobre los que crecen los líquenes: corteza, madera (incluidos troncos, tocones), tierra, musgos y rocas. Registramos un total de 416 taxones, aunque algunos de ellos no se identificaron a nivel de especie. Un resultado principal es el hallazgo de dos especies que se proponen como nuevas: el liquen Candelariella magellanica y el hongo sapróbico Sclerococcum nothofagi que crece sobre la corteza de árboles del género Nothofagus. Además, una especie de hongo liquenícola, Tremella haematommatis, se registró por primera vez en la isla Navarino. Estos resultados proporcionan evidencia adicional sobre la gran diversidad de líquenes que se conservan en la Reserva de la Biosfera Cabo de Hornos.

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Etayo, J., Sancho, L. G., Gómez-Bolea, A., Sochting, U., Aguirre, F. ., & Rozzi, R. (2021). Catálogo de líquenes (y algunos hongos relacionados) de la isla Navarino, Reserva de la Biosfera Cabo de Hornos, Chile. Anales Del Instituto De La Patagonia, 49. https://doi.org/10.22352/AIP202149013
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